Open data is data that everyone can use, process or distribute. Personal data or security-related data excluded from the law are not provided for publication. Open data is ideally published as complete datasets as well as in machine-readable form and complies with open standards.
Advantage: The provision of open data promotes the development of innovative services. This way, new companies or new civic engagement can emerge.
Open standards are formats or protocols that are publicly available and that can be fully viewed, reviewed, used, and developed without technical or regulatory limitations. In addition, the components and extensions that the logs or formats work with must also be open.
Advantage: Open standards make it possible to exchange data and to link systems and software applications with each other. Open data can only be used optimally if it is available in common formats that anyone can access. Open standards are also important for software solutions within the community. They protect against becoming dependent on certain manufacturers and their products (lock-in effect).
Demand-oriented student transport
The decline in passenger numbers in school transport, especially in rural areas, often causes school buses to cover long distances in regular services, while they do not or only occasionally encourage schoolchildren. One way of adapting student transport to the changed conditions is according to its needs-oriented orientation.
The city of Olfen, a municipality with almost 13,000 inhabitants, has organized its school buses in this way and was able to reduce the mileage of their school buses by 40 percent. Instead of the lines, the buses are now based on the homes of passengers – and daily updated. Each pupil receives a ticket with geo-referenced data on the destination stop. When boarding, the bus driver scans the ID card and software then calculates the route directly on site. The students are brought home by the quickest route, without the bus having to approach stops where nobody gets off.
Modern information and communication technologies can help to extend an existing timetable system without having to remove or remove infrastructures. For example, a transport network can link private transport via a platform with its own timetables.
The Nordhessische VerkehrsVerbund (NVV) has agreed with the NVV Mobilfalt such a mobility platform verwirk¬licht. The NVV is the provider, marketer and coordinator of the mobility platform. This ensures that the quality of public transport is maintained and that
transport can be guaranteed at any time. The journeys on the existing public transport lines are supplemented by “Mobilfalt journeys”. So z. B. also be offered in the evening or on weekends hourly.
“Mobilfalt Rides” are rides that registered car drivers can offer and use registered riders. The regional transport association coordinates the journeys and organizes the transport on the requested route by taxi to the “Mobilfalt price” if no private travel offer is registered. A mobility center is the central point of contact and advises and informs on all questions and problems. It is therefore a holistic concept in which already existing structures are brought together via information and communication technologies in order to increase the journey rate and to expand the range of mobility services in the region.
Data platforms are platforms on which different actors can post their data and that can be processed and used by all. As a rule, data platforms can only fully exploit their advantages if as many players as possible participate in them.
For data platforms, the basic question is who the platform operators are, ie where the platforms are technically located. As a platform operator in the municipal environment, individual municipalities, municipal data centers, intercommunal agencies, state institutions or even trusted external third parties are conceivable.
In addition, data security and data protection play an important role and the question of how the access rights to the data are regulated must be clarified.
A trusted system architecture and regulatory framework for data handling are the basic requirements for the operation and use of such platforms.
Advantage: When different departments of an administration share relevant data, administrative processes can be simplified and administration processes can be optimized. If different municipalities or businesses of general interest work with a common data platform, this also results in improved decision bases, because not only can one access their own, local data, but possibly data from the entire region can give a more accurate overall picture.
Financing of digital actions
The acquisition, testing or development of digital technologies depends not least on the financial conditions of a municipality. It has to be clarified in which form a financing of digital measures in the municipality can take place. This depends heavily on the type of measure and the possibilities of the municipality. In principle, this can be financed by the municipality’s own budget funds, the formation of special funds (eg in the form of fund models), additional funds (eg by allocating the upper levels of local government or funding programs), but also the financing by alternative sources (eg in the form of co-operation with the economy or the taking up of credits). In particular for small and medium-sized
municipalities, which have a rather low taxpower, subsidy programs are a suitable way to operationalize a digital agenda and thereby to receive support (eg in the case of high new investments).